Elis, Olympia 111th Olympiad.

Murder of Philip II

111th
Olympics

In the spring of 336 BC, Philip begun the invasion of Persia. While the Macedonians were crossing the Hellespont, in Macedonia everything was ready for the grand celebration for the wedding of Philip’s daughter Cleopatra to prince Alexander of Epirus, brother of Olympias.

The first day of the celebrations the guests saw a lavish entertained of every sort. But on the second day of the celebration, while entering the theatherpassing between his son Alexander and his new son-in-law Alexander, Philip was struck with a dagger and killed on the spot. The assassin Pausanias of Orestiswas a member of Philip II personal bodyguard. a young Macedonian noble hired possibly at the instigation of Philip’s wife Olympias, or even his son Alexander the Great. When he attempted to escape, he tripped and was killed on the spot by few close friends of Philip’s son Alexander.

At the Olympics these years

Dioxippus (from Athens)
Renowned for his Olympic victories in the sport of pankration (modern day martial art) . His fame and skill were such that he was crowned Olympic champion by default in 336 BC when no other pankratiastdared meet him on the field. This kind of victory was called “akoniti” (literally: without getting dusted). The most famous story of Dioxippusis his victory over Coragusof the Macedonian army.

But this victory became Dioxippus’ downfall. Alexander and the Macedonians were disappointed and embarrassed by the outcome of the match, particularly since their defeat occurred in front of recently conquered Persian prisoners. Alexander’s disfavorwas noted by the Macedonians who conspired to embarrass Dioxippus, by putting a golden cup underneath his pillow and accusing him of theft. Dioxippusfelt this dishonordeeply. Realizing the Macedonians had framed him, he wrote a letter to Alexander describing the conspiracy, then committed suicide by falling on his sword.

Elis, Olympia 111th Olympiad.

336 BC.
Slater, 11.58g.
BCD 160
Extremely Rare (R3) / VF

Head of Hera right, wearing pendant earring and stephane inscribed FΑΛΕΙΩΝ ( ‘of the people of Elis’), F behind neck / Eagle, with open wings, standing left on rock with head reverted; all within olive wreath.

This is one of the later issues of Elis not known to Seltman, attributed to the 111th Olympiad in 336 BC, the year of Alexander the Great’s accession. The portrait of Hera is very delicate and beautiful and her stephane is inscribed “of the people of Elis.”

More information, please visit upcoming exhibition at Numismatic Museum of Athens.
Address: Omonoia 12, Athina 106 71
www.nummus.gr