DISCOVER THE ANCIENT HISTORY OF ATHLETICS
1st - 45th
Levelling land and digging new wells.
52nd - 96th
Pisatans tried to take over, but lost and Pisa destroyed.
The Temple of Zeus constructed.
Sparta earthquake of 464 BC
Statue of Zeus completed.
Spartans banned from Olympics
Cynisca of Sparta. First woman Olympic victor
The early date of the first coins of the Eleans. The city of Elis was founded in 471 B. C.
Chalcis in Euboea figured on an interesting parallel to the earliest coins of the Eleans.
90th Olympics 420 BC, no visitors to the games where allowed.
The Eleians fined the Spartans for attacking their own territory after the ekecheiriahad been announced there.
Spartan females had much more freedom than other women in the ancient world; this allowed Cynisca of Sparta to win the Olympics twice.
King Agesilaus encouraged his sister to enter a chariot team in the Olympic Games. She entered teams in 396 and 392 BCE, winning on both occasions. Thus she was the first woman to win the 4-horse chariot race at Olympia, albeit as trainer rather than as racer.
103rd - 114th
368 BC – 324 BC
Only time Olympics was announced invalid. As the Pisatan´s misused Olympian sacred wealth by striking gold coins to pay the protecting troops. After Pisatan state collapsed it it completely disappeared from the historical records.
Late in the 103rd Olympiad the Arcadians captured the sanctuary
356 BC, Philip’s race horse won in the Olympic Games.
Philip II murdered
Alexander the Great declared, that all Greek would be united under his shield.
Next Olympics In 364 B.C. the regular organizers lost control of the games, because they had become involved in politics.
Very Rare, Elis, Olympia 103rd Olympiad.
Most likely Plato visited the Olympics at this year.
Plato was a philosopher in Classical Greece and two times Isthmian Games winner but never made it to the Olympics as an athlete.
KINGS OF MACEDON. Philip II
Pella, c. 336/5-329/8 / Le Rider 344 (D344/R276).
111th Olympiad in 336 BC, the year of Alexander the Great’s accession. The portrait of Hera is very delicate and beautiful and her stephane is inscribed “of the people of Elis.”
Very Rare, Elis, Olympia 114th Olympiad.
154th - 393rd
164 BC – 394 AD
In AD 67, the Roman Emperor Nero competed in the chariot race at Olympia. Nero was thrown from his chariot and was not able to finish the race, but Nero was declared the winner on the basis that Nero would have won if he finished the race.
LEONIDAS OF RHODES Runner. 12x Olympia
Leonidas of Rhodes was one of the most famous runners in Antiquity. His was a unique achievement, even by today’s standards. For four consecutive Olympiads (164-152 B.C.), he won three races, – the stade race, the diaulos race and the armour race. He won a total of 12 Olympic victory wreaths. He was acclaimed as a hero by his compatriots.
Romans forcibly took the treasures of Elis Olympia. In order to fund their own wars.
Since the Olympic games were first and foremost a religious celebration in honor of Zeus, they held no place in the Christian empire. The emperor Theodosius I legally abolished the games in 393 or 394 A.D.
Christians outlaws the Games. END